Mogul skiing is one of the events in Freestyle Skiing.
Moguls The competitors can choose which of the 3 to 4 different lines they will ski down on the mogul course. After the start signal, they proceed down as fast as they can on a steep slope over a series of offset large bumps called Moguls as high as 1.20 metres and spaced between 3 to 4 meters apart. There are two sets of ‘air bumps', one set near the top and other near the bottom, where the skiers are required to perform two different jumps of their own choice.
The goal is to ski down the course as fast as possible, while performing two jumps without technical errors or temporary loss of balance. The skiers need to keep their upper body straight down the hill, their lower body and the skis are constantly turning. Maintaining snow contact with the skis is an important element.
All competitors participate in a qualification round and the top 20 skiers move into the final, the start list for the final is in reverse order of the qualification results.
The five ‘Turn' Judges award points on the quality of the skiers' turns and make deductions for technical mistakes, while the two "air" judges determine what jump was performed, how high they are off the jump, and the quality of the jump.
Each run is timed and compared to a pace time set for the course, with the fast skiers being awarded more points. The skier with the highest score in the final round wins.
Different mogul jumps include the 360 to 1080 degree spins, loops (side flips), off axis jumps, back and front flips and flips with twists. The jumps can have different grabs or holds of the legs or skis.